Dating dk in english
They were also used to living out, tolerating salt-laden Channel Weather and forage, both of which no doubt contributed to the development of the breeds. It is the slender, wheat-coloured, lyre-horned Froment du Lon, which looks very like the old dun Shetlands cows of the early twentieht century and almost identical to the modern Guernsey in conformation but not in horn.
Its heat tolerance is so exceptional for a temperate breed that many people have tried to prove a more direct relationship with the zebu, even detecting the slight trace of a hump.The Jersey is certainly ecognised in tropical countries as giving better results than other temperate breeds.The face of the Jersey is noticeably dished (concave) and there is something about it that is strongly suggestive of the humpless shorthorned Iberian breeds of the Middle East, Egypt and the coast of North Africa.By the mid-twentieth century the Guernsey was no longer a park decorator in England but in great demand as a commercial dairy cow.It also found favour in North America (with a polled strain in the USA), Australia, Egypt, eastern and southern Africa and, to disprove any lingerering doubts about its hardiness, it accompanied Admiral Byrd`s polar expedition.In 1763 the State of Jersey placed a ban on all imports of live cattle to the island, Guernsey followed suit in 1789, and thereafter the breeds developed in isolation. In general it would seem that the now-extinct Alderney was fairly similar to todays`s Guernsey but smaller (in 1800 bulls stood at 119 cm, cows 112 cm and oxen 140 cm) and with short, crumpled (curled) horns, fine bondes, a long, thin neck and protruding, raised hips. No doubt the Alderney and the Guernsey had a shared ancestry: both islands were colonised by Normandy monks in the eleventh century.
Traditionally these island cows were tether-gazed by the horns and were accustomed to handling, a factor which contributed substantially to their affable temperament. There is a rare Brittany breed which is very similar to the Guernsey and possibly formed the ancestral stock.
"We do have in our collection [Jersey Museum] a pencil drawing of a cow by Thomas Gainsborough. Bones of domestic cattle have been identified in Jersey from approximately 4500 B. and there is no reason to doubt that they existed on the other islands at similarly early dates. First Published 1995 by The ALderney Society, The Museum Alderney C.1. On The Domesticated Animals Of The British Islands Comprehending The Natural And Economical History Of Species And Varieties: The Description Of The Properties Of External Form; And Observations On The Principles And Practice Of Breeding. 1842.] Channel Islands The Jersey and Guernsey breeds, along with Englands`s South Devon, are unique among British cattle (and unusual among those of all Europe) in possessing the bovine haemoblobin B allele, which is prevalent in African and Asian cattl.
This has been said to be an early study of a Jersey cow, but in fact the Jersey cow as a breed did not exist until after the artist`s death ". 2) A small piece of bone of a "domesticated bovine", carbon dated to 2430 /- 70 BP (about 430 BC) was found in the peat at Longy Common, Alderney, in 1990 3) Cattle were brought over from Brittany and Normandy at various times. Alderney breed 1842 [Cow and calf, the property of M. Yet blood-factor studies reveal a surprising genetic distance between the two island breeds which is almost as wide at that between, say, the Jersey and the Holstein.
Regional differences of "race" in cattle before the eighteenth century were largely the outcome of geographical distance or isolation by natural barriers rather than of deliberate attempts to maintain purity of breed. The Channel Island are physically much closer to the French coast than to the English and the island breeds have a certain affinity with the breeds of Brittany and Normandy.
Up to the end of the eighteenth century there was little difference, if any, between the cattle on the various Channel Islands which circulated freely between the Islands and France. Being island cattle, however, they have developed to some extent in isolation, especially on Jersey, a tiny island which has managed to breed a cow whose fame is worldwide, and with justice.
However, from such a small island herd the exports have been phenomenal and it has spread from the tropics to the Arctic.